Cuba condemns terrorism and political manipulation
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs states its strong rejection of the slanderous inclusion of Cuba in a US State Department list of countries which are allegedly not cooperating fully with US efforts against terrorism that was made public on May 13, 2020 and that was strongly rejected by President Miguel Díaz-Canel. Bermúdez.
It is a unilateral and arbitrary listing without any base, authority or international support whatsoever which, as it is known, only aids to the intentions to defame and pressure countries refusing to bend to the will of the US government in their sovereign decisions.
The main argument given by the US government was the presence in Cuban territory of the members of the delegation to the peace talks of the National Liberation Army (ELN) of Colombia.
As it is widely known, the delegation to the peace talks of the National Liberation Army (ELN) of Colombia are in Cuba because Ecuador suddenly renounced to continue being the venue of such talks and, at the request of the Colombian government and the ELN, the venue for the peace process was transferred to Havana in May 2018.
These peace talks had begun on February 7, 2017 in Quito, Ecuador. Cuba, together with Brazil, Chile, Ecuador, Venezuela and Norway, has been a Guarantor of the peace process as requested by the Parties.
After Mr. Iván Duque Márquez was inaugurated as president of Colombia on August 7, 2018, the representatives of his government, beginning on August 8 that year an until January 2019, had several exchanges with Cuba and the ELN delegation to the peace talks so as to continue the dialogues that had started during the Santos presidency --a process in which our country observed due discretion and acted strictly in its capacity as a guarantor.
Immediately after the bombing of the Police Cadet Academy in Bogota on January 17, 2019, the president of the Republic of Cuba and his minister of foreign affairs immediately expressed their condolences to the Colombian government and people and particularly to the relatives of the victims in the bombing, and they restated Cuba´s strong position of rejecting and condemning all terrorist acts, methods and practices in all their forms and manifestations.
Then the Colombian government took political and legal actions against the ELN delegation to the peace talks that was in Cuba and stopped the peace dialogue. Additionally, it decided to ignore the Protocol in Case of Rupture, thus openly abandoning and violating the commitments made by that State with the other six nations that had signed it.
The Protocol in Case of Rupture was signed in the framework of the peace talks held by the government of Colombia, the ELN and the guarantor countries on April 5, 2016. It states the safe return of the guerrilla delegation to Colombia in the case there is a cease of talks.
The Cuban government has stated and it continues to state today that, based on the agreed documents, the Protocol should be implemented. Such stance, which is widely supported by the international community and by circles committed with reaching for a negotiated settlement to the Colombian armed conflict, is an accepted universal practice which has been repeatedly ratified as it abides by international law and the commitments of the country that is a guarantor and the venue of the talks. It is due to the non-implementation of this Protocol that the members of the ELN delegation to the peace talks are still in Cuba.
The Colombian government has embarked on a series of hostile actions against Cuba, including public statements, threats and summons, through an ungrateful and politically-motivated manipulation of the unquestionable contribution of Cuba to peace in Colombia. Among such actions, there was a change in the historical position of Colombia in support of the Resolution that has been passed every year in the United Nations General Assembly demanding an end to the US economic, commercial and financial blockade against Cuba which is bringing damages and suffering to our people. Such action ostensibly changed the consistent and invariable position all Colombian governments had been assuming since 1992.
The same day the US announced Cuba had been included in the list of countries allegedly not cooperating fully with the US efforts against terrorism, the Colombian government´s High Commissioner for Peace, Mr. Miguel Ceballos Arévalo, publicly stated that the decision by the State Department to include Cuba was a “recognition” of the government of Colombia and its “repeated request” that Cuba sends to it the members of the ELN delegation to the peace talks.
Those statements by Mr. Ceballos have been criticized in Colombia by many circles committed to peace and several Colombian politicians have demanded from the government an explanation about them and the way the Protocol in Case of Rupture is being ignored.
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs strongly rejects the statements of the Colombian high-ranking official.
What stems out of the comments by the High Commissioner for Peace is that the behavior of the government of Colombia has supported and facilitated the arguments for the aggressive aims of the United States against our nation and given its “recognition” to the infamous US actions against a Latin American and Caribbean nation.
Mentioning the presence of the ELN representatives in Cuba, on which the US accusation is based, is nothing but a senseless feeble and dishonest pretext facilitated by the ungrateful attitude of the government of Colombia –if Mr. Ceballos´ statements are to be given any credit.
In any case, and even with that so-called assistance from the government of Colombia, the US accusation is totally and deliberately unfounded. There is concrete and, in some cases, very recent evidence of our bilateral collaboration with the United States in fighting terrorism and in joint law enforcement efforts and in actions of specific interest for the US, so the inclusion of Cuba in the list as announced by the State Department is a deliberate distortion of truth.
It must be remembered that Cuba as a country has been the target of many terrorist actions financed and carried out from US territory by groups and individuals who have enjoyed there the leniency and protection of the US government, a circumstance that is public knowledge. In the past, Cuba was also the victim of state terrorism perpetrated directly by the government of the United States, which sometimes acted in connivance with organized crime in that country. Due to such actions, 3478 Cubans have died and 2099 have been disabled in one way or another.
On April 30 last, the Embassy of Cuba in the United States was the target of a terrorist act. Since then, the US government has kept a complicit silence, without condemning or even rejecting such action, and it refrains from acting against terrorist individuals and groups based in US territory who are fueling violence against Cuba and its institutions.
As a result, after the terrorist attack against our diplomatic mission in Washington, threats have been made against the safety of Cuban diplomats and embassies both in the US itself and in Mexico, Costa Rica, Antigua & Barbuda, Canada, Cyprus, Austria and Angola, all of which has been reported to the respective government authorities.
The attitude of manifest complicity by the US government entails the peril of being taken as an approval of terrorism. It is consistent with the heightened policy of aggresion and instigation to violence against Cuba, which has been expanded even to countries where Cuban health personnel are working under bilateral cooperation schemes.
Cuba´s commitment with decisive actions against and
condemnation of terrorism is enshrined in its Constitution
University of Botswana Associate Professor in the Department of Environmental Science, Professor Opha Pauline Dube, has been elected vice chairperson of the World Meteorological Organisation (WMO) Scientific Advisory Panel.
Professor Dube was elected last month together with Dr Gilbert Brunet, Chief Scientist and Group Executive, Science and Innovation at the Australian Bureau of Meteorology, who is the chairperson.
Professor Dube is a global environmental change scientist who has served in and led local, regional and international research initiatives, applying innovative approaches to pull together resources and motivate groups; and integrating natural and social sciences to address environmental challenges of major societal concern such as land degradation, climate change, environmental hazards and disasters and others.
She is the Co-Chair of the Scientific Advisory Committee of the Climate Research for Development (CR4D) in Africa and Co-Editor-in-Chief of the Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability Journal. "I was pleasantly surprised first to be nominated to the WMO first Science Advisory Panel and then to be elected to the position of Vice Chair is even more humbling. "It is a great opportunity to represent the global south and hopefully inspire many women out there.
"I look forward to working with fellow Scientific Advisory Panel members and other organs of WMO to advance equity and access to meteorological science and research in the regions of WMO and embrace an integrated use-driven perspective for global adaptation and resilience building," said Professor Dube.
The new appointments are part of a wider WMO restructuring drive which seeks to embrace the public, private and academic sector in support of the science to services process and an Earth system approach to produce a wide range of multi-hazard weather, climate, water and ocean services.
As such, the election of Professor Dube and Dr Brunet to the Panel is expected to cement engagement with the broad science community and support the evolution of its mandate in weather, climate, water and related environmental and social sciences.
As part of its historical reform process, WMO established two new scientific bodies.The Scientific Advisory Panel established in 2019 and consisting of world leading scientists, serves as a major think tank giving strategic guidance in decadal timeframe. The Panel, which comprises 15 eminent international experts, is tasked with advising WMO’s Congress and Executive Council on matters concerning research strategies and the optimal scientific directions for the coming decades.
WMO also established a Research Board consisting of high-level experts on weather, climate and water research related to service and infrastructure development.“WMO is strengthening its strategic commitment to crosscutting and interdisciplinary science and deepening collaboration between the operational and research communities in order to meet the challenges and maximize the opportunities of our rapidly changing world,” said WMO Secretary General, Professor Petteri Taalas.
“The work of the Scientific Advisory Panel and the Research Board will strengthen the global standing and visibility of WMO as a hub of international cooperation in the fields of weather, climate, water and related environmental and social sciences within the United Nations,” added Professor Taalas.